The template comes with a Web included, a skeleton for new a website created using J1 Template. This Web is called the Starter web, a general-purpose scaffold to be modified for your needs. The built-in Starter web is available live at J1 Home under the menu Live. These sites show live pages deployed on the Internet on Github and Netlify.
A Starter web is created in minutes. This section
The Software needed
J1 is supported on all current x64-based OS:
Windows 10, build >= 1903
Windows WSL 2
Linux, kernel version >= 4.15 (e.g. Ubuntu 18.x LTS)
OSX, version >= 10.10.5 (Yosemite)
|Note that 32-bit versions (x32) are generally NOT supported for all platforms.|
Development languages and tools
To run the Development System for J1 Template, the following languages and tools expected to be in place with your OS:
Ruby language, version >= 2.6
|More current or older versions may work, but not tested.|
Software upgrades needed for all platforms
If Ruby and NodeJS are in place, some packages needs to be upgraded to more current versions. Install all packages system-wide with their respective product installation paths.
Upgrades needed for Ruby < v2.7
Install latest bundler for Ruby:
gem install bundler --no-document
Install latest RubyGems for Ruby:
gem install rubygems-update --no-document update_rubygems --no-document gem update --system
Upgrades needed for NodeJS
NodeJS comes with NPM pre-installed. The native CLI for the NodeJS package management is
npm there’s another quite handy CLI for NPM available: Yarn.
yarn is developed at Facebook and can be used as a replacement for
npm. From a top-level perspective, both package management clients behave pretty much the same. The syntax
yarn uses is shorter in writing, making the command-line look a bit more natural. Therefore, we prefer to use
|Yarn adds some additional features to the NodeJS package management implemented for the needs at Facebook. Regarding the J1 development system, those add-ons are neither needed nor used.|
Install latest NPM and Yarn packages for NodeJS:
npm install -g npm@latest npm install -g yarn@latest
Create a Starter Web
Running the J1 template project is very simple:
Download the J1 Gem
Create a J1 web project
Setup the runtime environment for your project
Run and develop the buildin starter web
Find all details on this with the sections below.
Download the J1 Gem
The Gem for J1 Template (runtime system) is published on RubyGems. You can get it by installing the package using the Ruby
gem command or by downloading it from RubyGems.
gem install j1-template --remote --user-install --no-document
gem install j1-template --remote --no-document
|To not pollute the system-wide Gem folder of a Ruby-installation by user and project specific Gems, it is recommend to install J1 userized.|
J1 is a so-called gem-based template, a Ruby Gem managed by the (gem) internal executeable (command) j1. Check your version installed or some usage information by running:
Setup a project
Is the Ruby Gem J1 installed, a project, a website needs to be generated by J1’s build-in executable j1. The command j1 is used to manage base project tasks like generating a project.
If a project (a website) is generated, all development tasks are managed by NPM scripts (NodeJS). Development tasks are defined as scripts with the project config file
First, create a projects folder for all websites to be generated J1. For the following examples, a project is generated on Windows using C:\Temp for the project’s folder.
j1 generate starter
Running bundle install in c:/Temp/starter ... Install bundle in USER gem folder ~/.gem ... Bundler: Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/ ... Bundler: Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/. Bundler: Resolving dependencies... Bundler: Using rake 12.3.3 Bundler: Using public_suffix 4.0.6 ... Bundler: Using wdm 0.1.1 Bundler: Bundle complete! 34 Gemfile dependencies, 86 gems now installed. Bundler: Bundled gems are installed into `../../Users/jadams/.gem` Install patches in USER gem folder ~/.gem ... Install patches on path C:/Users/jadams/.gem/ruby/2.6.0 ... Generated Jekyll site force installed in folder c:/Temp/starter
Setup the runtime
The command j1 generate creates a project folder with the name given. In this example, the project is starter. Change to this folder
A J1 project consists in several files and folders. Find a typical structure as below:
├──── . │ └─ _data (1) │ └─ _includes (2) │ └─ _plugins (3) │ └─ assets (4) │ └─ collections (5) │ └─ pages (6) │ └─ utilsrv ├──── _config.yml (7) ├──── config.ru ├──── dot.gitattributes ├──── dot.gitignore ├──── dot.nojekyll ├──── favicon.ico ├──── Gemfile (8) ├──── index.html (9) └──── package.json (10)
|1||Configuration data for the website|
|2||Asciidoc (global) includes|
|3||Build-in (Ruby) plugins|
|4||Assets for the web|
|5||Folder that contains all blog posts|
|6||Folder that contains all (article) pages|
|7||Central (Jekyll) site configuration|
|9||Homepage for the web|
|10||(NPM) Project file|
The first step, done only once, is to initialize a project. What means to download and install all resources for your new website followed by an initial creation process for the new site. Initializing a project is managed by the (NPM) task
setup. A bunch of sub-tasks gets fired, all of them managed by NPM.
Let’s start …
Because a lot of sub-tasks getting started for a (first)
setup, see below the output as a summary:
Setup project for first use .. Bootstrap base modules .. done. Configure environment .. done. Create project folders .. Create log folder .. Create archived log folder .. Create etc folder .. done. Bootstrap project modules .. Bootstrap utility server modules .. done. Detect OS .. OS detected: Windows_NT Build site incremental .. Configuration file: c:/Temp/starter/_config.yml Source: c:/Temp/starter Destination: c:/Temp/starter/_site Incremental build: enabled Generating... J1 Lunr: creating search index ... J1 Lunr: finished, index ready. J1 Paginator: autopages, disabled|not configured J1 Paginator: pagination enabled, start processing ... J1 Paginator: finished, processed 5 pagination page|s done in 25.687 seconds. Auto-regeneration: disabled. Use --watch to enable. .. build finished. To open the site, run: yarn site Done in 88.03s.
setup process will take a while. Typically some minutes for the first run, depending on your Internet connection bandwidth and the workstation performance. Many NPM modules and Ruby Gems are downloaded and linked for the components part of the project. See
setup as an extended install and build process to manage your new website’s initial setup.
Run and develop a starter web
Running the Starter Web for development is done like so:
site does a lot for you; whatever is necessary for a full-stack Web development. The task will put in place all needed CSS and JS components, build the Web content.
Startup the site .. Configuration file: c:/Temp/starter/_config.yml Source: c:/Temp/starter Destination: c:/Temp/starter/_site Incremental build: enabled Generating... J1 Lunr: creating search index ... J1 Lunr: finished, index ready. J1 Paginator: autopages, disabled|not configured J1 Paginator: pagination enabled, start processing ... J1 Paginator: finished, processed 5 pagination page|s done in 7.1 seconds. Auto-regeneration: enabled for '.' LiveReload address: http://localhost:40001 Server address: http://localhost:40000/ Server running... press ctrl-c to stop. LiveReload: Browser connected
Finally, the starter web get openend in your default browser.
Go, go, go ..
Rebuild a site
A project runs Jekyll in incremental mode with auto-regeneration enabled. All changes made to your web’s pages and posts at runtime are automatically detected, and the affected pages are rebuilt and automatically reloaded with your browser.
For rebuilding a site from scratch, a web can be completely rebuilt by running the task
Rebuild site incremental .. Clean up site files .. Configuration file: c:/Temp/starter/_config.yml Cleaner: Removing _site... Cleaner: Removing ./.jekyll-metadata... Cleaner: Removing ./.jekyll-cache... Cleaner: Nothing to do for .sass-cache. Configuration file: c:/Temp/starter/_config.yml Source: c:/Temp/starter Destination: c:/Temp/starter/_site Incremental build: enabled Generating... J1 Lunr: creating search index ... J1 Lunr: finished, index ready. J1 Paginator: autopages, disabled|not configured J1 Paginator: pagination enabled, start processing ... J1 Paginator: finished, processed 5 pagination page|s done in 25.221 seconds. Auto-regeneration: disabled. Use --watch to enable. .. rebuild finished. To open the site, run: yarn site. Done in 34.88s.
If the site rebuild, re-run:
and continue developing your website.
Reset a project
To start from the beginning, you can reset the runtime system to the factory state. The top-level task
reset does the resetting work for you and cleans up each and everything except the NPM modules folder
node_modules stored in the project root.
The cleanup runs some tasks for the root folder and in parallel sub-tasks using Jekyll for the Web:
Reset project to factory state .. Clean up base modules .. Clean up site files .. Configuration file: c:/Temp/starter/_config.yml Cleaner: Removing _site... Cleaner: Removing ./.jekyll-metadata... Cleaner: Removing ./.jekyll-cache... Cleaner: Nothing to do for .sass-cache. Clean up projects files .. Remove bundle config folder .. Remove log folder .. Remove etc folder .. Remove various log files .. Remove lock files .. Clean up utility server .. done. Done in 10.23s.
To reset the project completely, delete the folder
node_modules manually and start from the beginning by running the
setup task again:
If the project is newly setup, re-run:
and continue developing your website.